The main objective of this policy brief is to foster knowledge exchange on how to improve multi-track water diplomacy and transboundary water cooperation, with some examples from South Asia. Multi-track water diplomacy is required to navigate the complexities of building cooperation, undertaking collaborative or joint investments in shared river basins, and addressing local or community-based conflicts.

This policy brief reflects the outcomes of brainstorming sessions on water diplomacy during the World Water Week 2015 and the ‘Water diplomacy in South Asia’ workshop (WG4) during the Planetary Security Conference 2016 and presents an ‘Agenda for Water Diplomacy’. It was commissioned by the Planetary Security Initiative.